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The Jewelry Hut Diamond Store

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How to Buy A Diamond?

  • The 4 Cs

    Diamonds are among the rarest substances on earth. These beautiful gifts of nature, formed billions of years ago deep below the surface, shine with a fire and brilliance like no other gemstone.  Although we still know relatively little about how diamonds are formed, there is a simple way to assess their quality and understand their relative value.  This is done by grading the
    Cut, Clarity, Color, and number of Carats in a stone. Known as the 4 Cs, this process provides a useful summery of a stone’s key characteristics.  As a further guarantee, quality diamonds always come with a grading report that explain each of these measurements in more detail.
     
  • Cut

    In many ways, the cut of a diamond is the least understood of the 4 Cs.  It is often thought that the cut of a diamond refers to whether it is, for example, round or oval.  In fact, the term “Cut” covers not only the shape of the stone, but also the angles, proportions, polish, and symmetry.
    The way a diamond is cut determines how light enters and leaves the stone, which determines how much “life” and “fire” it has.  An ideal cut round diamond has 56 different surfaces, or “facets.”  Those on the crown or top gather light into the center of the stone, while the pavilion’s facets bounce the light back and forth before reflecting it back out through the crown.
    Only a small deviation in the angles or shapes of the facets will allow light to “leak” from the stone and cause it to lose much of its natural brilliance.  This also occurs if, for example, too many facets are cut into the stone, the table is too large or poorly centered, or the girdle is too thick.  Many people in the trade think that cut is the most important of 4 Cs, as a well cut diamond will look more beautiful to the eye than a less well cut stone. The Jewelry Hut use only the most skilled diamond cutters, and every diamond is re-inspected before it is shipped to make sure we have the very best quality.
     
  • Clarity

    Unlike carat weight or color, the clarity of a diamond  is a matter of judgment by trained gemologists. Very few diamonds are truly without fault. Nearly all have internal imperfections (inclusions) or surface irregularities (blemishes). These characteristics of nature give each stone its own unique signature and help to identify it as a 100 percent natural product. All of The Jewelry Hut’s diamonds are graded for clarity by professionally trained, experienced diamond graders according to the guidelines established by the Gemological Institute of America, GIA.  The GIA discovers, imparts and applies gemological knowledge to ensure the public trust in gems and jewelry.  Thejewelryhut.com offers diamonds with a range of clarity, so you will be sure to find the diamond that is perfect for you.
     
  • Color

    Nearly all diamonds have some tint of yellow or brown. This color is entirely natural and comes from impurities embedded in the diamond from the time it was made.  To accurately determine a diamond’s color grade using Gemological Institute of America, GIA, standards, the diamond is viewed, table down, under controlled conditions and compared to a “Master Set” whose colors have been predetermined by the GIA. Thejewelryhut.com’s diamonds are carefully color graded by experienced professional diamond graders according to these guidelines.
    The Most commonly accepted scale for measuring color uses letters ranging from D (colorless, or White) through to Z (light yellow). Outside this range, diamonds are called “Fancy Color” and can be blue, pink, yellow, or even red or green. Within D - Z range, diamonds are graded by their relative lack of color. Although most gem quality diamonds appear to be colorless to the untrained eye, there are subtle differences in the shade, which in turn affect value. Diamonds with no traces of body color are extremely rare. White diamonds (D -I) are set off well by white gold or platinum, while yellow diamonds (J -Z) respond better to yellow gold. The Jewelry Hut expert staffs will gladly help you choose a diamond that is not only breathtaking, but also suits your budget.
     
  • Carat

    The number of carats in a diamond relates to its weight. Historically, a one-carat diamond was equal in weight to a seed or bean from the Mediterranean Carob tree. In the Far East, a one-carat diamond was equal to the weight of four grains of rice.  Today a metric carat is 200 milligrams, or 0.20 grams, in weight. A carat may be divided into 100 “points”: so a 0.75 CT. diamond is called a 75-point diamond.  Sometimes people refer to a 0.25 CT. as on “grain,” so a 0.75 CT. diamond is sometimes referred to as a “3 grainer.”
    It is obvious that the heavier a diamond is, the more valuable it will be. However, as cut, clarity, and color also help to determine value, it is possible that a smaller stone will be more valuable than a larger diamond with inferior characteristics. For this reason, stones of equal weight can also vary a great deal in price. Diamond sizes are rarer as they get larger. only one diamond in a thousand is larger than one carat, and more than 1,250 tons of rock need to be mined to find just this one stone. The higher price per carat paid for a larger stone reflects this greater rarity, thejewelryhut.com regularly tests for stone weight on all items.
     

  • Asscher
    The asscher, often called the “square emerald cut,” has stepped facets.  With its extra faceting, this cat has more brilliance and has become a new favorite for trend setting brides.

  • Baguette
    A non-assuming stone, the baguette is a cut with step like facets that is usually used as a adornment to a large center stone.

  • Cushion
    This vintage style is a beautiful traditional cut that is currently having a renaissance.  It has the appeal of an antique look that your great grandmother may have worn.

  • Emerald
    The emerald cut is a sophisticated yet understated cut considered to be of the highest taste level. Known as a “step cut,” the facets are broad with flat plans. Higher quality is more important with emeralds than other cuts because both inclusions and lower color are more noticeable.

  • Heart
    This fun cut is so special and quite literally, lets the recipient know how you feel.

  • Marquise
    The Marquise, also called navette or boat shape, is a 56-facet grand cut that gives the appearance of royalty. Any woman who wears it feels like a Queen.

  • Oval
    A twist on the classic round cut, the 56-facet oval is for the woman who wants to be a little different yet still classic.

  • Pear
    A combination of a round brilliant a marquise cut, this old fashioned cut is unique. Its stunning sparkle and character is perfect for the woman who wants her diamond to do all the talking.

  • Princess
    The princess cut is high on sparkle, glamour and simple great taste. This contemporary cut is a stylish show stopper that combines the sparkle of a round brilliant and a square/rectangle shape.

  • Radiant
    This adaptation combining the emerald cut with the princess cut has extra faceting on its underside for extra shine and extravagance.  It brings out the movie-star quality in all women.

  • Round
    With its 58 sparkling facets, round is the most popular cut in America.  This cut is the most classic choice for an engagement ring.

  • Trillion
    This bold cut has a lot of sparkle and light in its 50 facets. It’s perfect for making a statement and should be worn by women who have as much fire as it does.

FL

Flawless

Free from inclusion and blemishes. Extremely rare and expansive.

IF

Internally Flawless

Free from inclusions.  May have slight blemish when magnified.  Very rare and expansive.

VVS1

Very Very Slightly Included

Has inclusions or blemishes smaller than the size of a pinpoint.  Rare and expensive.

VVS2

Very Very Slightly Included

Has inclusions or blemishes smaller than the size of a pinpoint.  Rare and expensive.

VS1

Very Slightly Included

Has inclusions or blemishes smaller than a grain of salt. very high quality.

VS2

Very Slightly Included

Has inclusions or blemishes smaller than a grain of salt. very high quality.

SI1

Slightly Included

Has inclusions or blemishes larger than a grain of salt. High quality.

SI2

Slightly Included

Has inclusions or blemishes larger than a grain of salt. High quality.

I1

Included

Has natural inclusions visible to the naked eye.

I2, I3

Included

Has natural inclusions visible to the naked eye. This quality is lower than The jewelry Hut standards.

D, E, F

Colorless or White

G, H, I

Nearly colorless

J, K, L, M

Faint yellow

N, O, P, Q, R

Very light yellow

S - Z

Light yellow

Setting

Description

Bezel

A metal rim with straight or scalloped edges surrounds the perimeter of the stone.

Half Bezel

A metal rim partially surrounds the stone, leaving part of the diamond’s girdle exposed.

Prong

A metal “head” or “basket” consisting of between three and six claws holds the stones in place. Prongs may be pointed, rounded, flat or V-shaped.

Tension

The stone gives the impression that it is floating due compression-spring pressure that hold the stone firmly in place.

Bar

Thin vertical bars of metal separate and secure the stones.  A bar setting may be applied around part or all of a ring.

Channel

Two horizontal grooves or channels sandwich a row of stones without using metal to separate the stones. Very popular setting for wedding bands.

Gypsy

Each stone is set flush into a hole and secured by pressing and hammering metal around the stone’s perimeter.

Pave

Raised metal formed into beads secures small stones into place.  The stones are usually in rows of three or more and are flush with the metal.

Split Shank

Open-center, forked metal supports hold the diamond securely on each side. This setting is reminiscent of architectural supports in buildings or bridges.

Diamond Facts

  • The Word “diamond” comes from the Greek word “adamas”, which means unconquerable and indestructible.
  • Diamonds are the hardest natural substance found on the earth.
  • In ancient times, diamonds were worn to promote strength, invincibility and courage.
  • Every diamond is unique; no two diamonds are alike.
  • The engagement diamond is worn on the third finger of the left hand because the ancient Egyptians believed that the vein in that finger ran directly to the heart.
  • Gem quality diamonds are made up from less than 20% of the diamonds mined worldwide.
  • The popularity of diamonds has risen since 19th century because of increased supply, improved cutting and polishing techniques, growth in the world economy and marketing.
  • The Crater of Diamonds State Park in Murfreesboro, Ark. is the world’s only diamond mine open to the public. This is a dig-for-fee operation for tourist and rock enthusiasts.
  • Although diamonds are thought to be a colorless gem, they come in a spectrum of colors from white to yellow to brown.  There are even very rare red and blue diamonds.  The blue hue is a result of trace amounts of boron in the stone’s crystal structure.
  • The word “Carat” comes from the carob tree whose seed was used as the standard of weighting precious stones.
  • In the 1950s, the Gemological Institute of America, GIA, developed the first internationally accepted diamond grading system, which provides unbiased opinions of the quality of polished diamonds by applying uniform criteria to their diamond grading.

Metals

  • Gold

    The symbol “K” or “KT” is an abbreviation for the word karat.  The karat is a measure of gold purity.  The higher the value of K means the gold is purer but also softer.  Alloys are commonly added to gold to strengthen the metal and make a piece of jewelry more durable. Most rings are made from either 14 KT or 18 KT gold. The most common shades of gold are yellow and white.
     
  • Platinum

    Platinum is a significantly stronger and denser metal than gold. It is also a rarer metal and, therefore, is more costly when considering a setting. Platinum is identified by a stamp such as “PLAT”, “PT 950”, or “0.95 PLAT”.
     
  • Palladium

    Alone or alloyed with silver or gold, palladium offers some of the same metal working properties as other jewelry metals and remains tarnish free.  It is more precious than silver and whiter than platinum. Because it is nearly half the weight of platinum, more intricate jewelry is capable of bearing larger gemstones without gain in overall weight.
     

Care

  • Love Your Diamond

    Your diamond is a rare and beautiful product of nature.  Already millions of years old, your diamond will last you forever.  However, all jewelry benefits from regular cleaning and occasional maintenance.  With a little care, it is easy to keep it looking as beautiful as the day it was purchased.
     
  • Sparkle

    Polished diamonds sparkle with fire and light, radiance and natural beauty.  But once they join the stresses and strains of our busy lives, their natural beauty can quickly be tarnished. Makeup, soap, dishwater, newsprint and even the natural oils and salts in your skin will dull your diamond and prevent its natural brilliance from shinning through.
    The Jewelry Hut Expert jewelers recommend that you use a soft cloth to polish your diamond every day, to help keep its natural luster.  Once a week, use a soft toothbrush and some gentle detergent dissolved in warm water to give your diamond a more thorough cleaning.  This will keep your diamond clean and shining bright.
     
  • Taking good care

    Your diamond is precious.  Always take extra care when wearing your jewelry in the bathroom or the kitchen.  If you knock your diamond or brush it too vigorously when cleaning, the stone can become loose in its setting and you risk losing the diamond.
    The Jewelry Hut Staffs strongly recommend that you remove your jewelry before applying hand lotions, hairsprays or other cosmetics as their ingredients can damage the surface of the diamond.  Always remove your jewelry before gardening or playing sports as these can damage the stone or its setting. And finally, thejewelryhut.com expert jewelry staffs advise against swimming with your jewelry, especially in chlorinated pools that can bleach precious stones and metals.
     
  • Keeping it safe

    Diamond is the hardest substance on earth. Your diamond will scratch all other gemstones, including ruby, sapphire, emerald, and precious metals like gold, silver, or platinum. For that reason, keep it in its original pouch or box. When traveling use a jewelry box or roll with individual padded slots for rings, and posts for necklaces or bracelets.  Always pad your jewelry safely in your luggage.

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